Anthemis tinctoria - Yellow chamomile

Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Equisetopsida - Order: Asterales - Family: Asteraceae

Anthemis tinctoria

This is one of the lovely bright wildflowers that light up the Mediterranean region and southern Europe in spring and early summer. The plant has distinctive reddish hairy stems.

Distribution

This common and widespread member of the Daisy family (asteraceae, formerly known as the compositae) occurs in France and east towards Turkey and is also present further south including in the Iberian Peninsula.

Habitat and Blooming Times

The main flowering period of Yellow Chamomile, a wildflower of dry roadside verges, scrubland and fallow farmland, is from May until September. The Yellow Chamomile plant shown here was photographed in the Algarve region of southern Portugal in May.

Uses

Yellow chamomile was once used as a source of yellow dye.

Taxonomy

Anthemis, the genus name, comes from the Greek anthemon, meaning flower, and indicates that this plant produces many flowers. The specific epithet tinctoria reflects the fact that these flowers were used to produce dye.


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