Epipactis phyllanthes - Green-flowered Helleborine

Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Liliopsida - Order: Orchidales - Family: Orchidaceae

Epipactis phyllanthes - Green-flowered Helleborine

The flowering of Green-flowered Helleborine is sporadic and the fact that it blends in so well with its background makes it one the most difficult orchids to find. Its appearance is also variable making accurate identification very problematic.

Description

The plant grows up to about 40 cm in height with a series of well-spaced leaves in facing ranks on either side of the stem. The inflorescences have around 20 individual flowers which seem to be almost permanently in bud. When the flowers do open they only open partially revealing a paler green lip which may sometimes be flushed with pink.

closeup of flower, Epipactis phyllanthes

The variability of this species has led to plants in some areas being described as varieties of Epipactis phyllanthes including Epipactis phyllanthes var. vectensis, Epipactis phyllanthes var. cambrensis and Epipactis phyllanthes var. pendula

Distribution

The range of this plant is rather difficult to determine with any degree of accuracy because it is frequently confused with other Epipactis species.

Epipactis phyllanthes - Green-flowered Helleborine

Green-flowered Helleborine in wooodland in Wales. Pictures: Elaine Hagget...

Epipactis phyllanthes occurs in scattered colonies throughout England in Dorset, Kent, Norfolk and Cumbria. In Wales it occurs in some coastal dune systems, particularly at Kenfig National Nature Reserve, Whitford Burrows and Morfa Dyffryn. In Flintshire it occurs in woodland. In Ireland there are sites in Co. Dublin, Leitrim and Fermanagh.

Epipactis phyllanthes is also recorded in parts of western Europe from Denmark south to Belgium, France and northern Spain.

Habitat

Green-flowered Helleborine grows in coastal dunes and woodlands. In deepwoodland the plants are sometimes shorter and have fewer flowers.

Epipactis phyllanthes - Green-flowered Helleborine

Epipactis phyllanthes in Hampshire in June

Flowering times

Green-flowered Helleborine flowers from July to September.

Reference sources

The Plant List

Sue Parker (2016) Wild Orchids of Wales - how, when and where to find them; First Nature

Anne and Simon Harrap (2005) Orchids of Britain and Ireland; A&C Black

Pierre Delforge (2005) Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East; A&C Black

Den Nordiska Floran (1992) Bo Mossberg, Stefan Ericsson and Lennart Stenberg; Wahlstrom & Widstrand


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