Ophrys sphegodes subsp. araneola

Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Liliopsida - Order: Orchidales - Family: Orchidaceae

Ophrys araneola plant

Above: Ophrys araneola photographed in late April in the Cevennes region of France

Ophrys araneola is a robust plant growing to around 50cm in height. Up to 15 flowers can appear on each infloresence, and the lips of the flowers are distinctly lobed often having a yellow border. Occasionally the sepals are tinged with brownish-pink.

Distribution

The distribution of Ophrys araneola is unclear due to confusion with other closely related orchids. As far as is known, this plant mainly occurs in France and is most common in the Pyrenees and in the mountains of the Cevennes.

Habitat

Ophrys araneola grows in a range of habitats but they are always on alkaline substrates: open sunny woodlands, unimproved grassland and the edges of rocky paths in France are good places to look for this distinctive orchid.

Flowering times

Ophrys areneola flowers from the end of March and up to the beginning of May, often at the same time as other closely related orchids making the problem of accurate identification even more problematic.

Ophrys araneola closeup

The plants on this page were photographed in the Cevennes, close to Florac, at the end of April.

The flowers of Ophrys araneola are distinctly lobed and often have a yellow border.

Reference sources

The Plant List

Henrik AErenlund Pedersen & Niels Faurholdt (2007) Ophrys - The Bee Orchids of Europe; Kew

Pierre Delforge (2005) Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East; A&C Black

Les Orchidees de France, Belgique et Luxemborg; Parthenope Collection


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