Anacamptis laxiflora - Lax-flowered Orchid - formerly Orchis laxiflora

Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Liliopsida - Order: Orchidales - Family: Orchidaceae

Orchis laxiflora - Lax-flowered Orchid

Also known to some as the Jersey Orchid this is another species that has moved genus from Orchis to Anacamptis as a result of the increased use of molecular studies to determine plant relationships.

Description

This slender but tall orchid grows up to 60cm tall. There are 3-8 narrow, pointed leaves arranged along the stem which is flushed deep purple. The inflorescence is lax and carries between 9-22 large dark pink flowers. The erect lateral sepals are bent backwards and are often so close that they touch each other. A hood is formed by the dorsal sepal and the two upper petals. The flower lip is sharply folded length-wise and has a pale (almost white) centre which is usually unmarked or occasionally lightly marked with pink.

Distribution

The range of this species extends from the Algarve region of Portugal (where it is very rare) as far north as Sweden and east to the westerly parts of Asia. It is not recorded in mainland Britain but is found in the Channel Islands where it is referred to as the Jersey Orchid.

Habitat

This orchid prefers damp alkaline habitats and can be found in fens, marshy meadows and beside streams.

Flowering times

In the far south this orchid flowers in April and May, but further north it can be found in full bloom to the end of June

The specimen shown on this page was photographed in the Lot Valley, France, in late May in a very wet, streamside meadow.

Reference sources

The Plant List

Sue Parker (2014) Wild Orchids of the Algarve - where, when and how to find them; First Nature

Chris Thorogood and Simon Hiscock (2014) Field Guide to the Wildflowers of the Algarve; Kew Publishing

Anne and Simon Harrap (2005) Orchids of Britain and Ireland; A&C Black

Pierre Delforge (2005) Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East; A&C Black

Den Nordiska Floran (1992) Bo Mossberg, Stefan Ericsson and Lennart Stenberg; Wahlstrom & Widstrand

Fielding, Turland and Mathew (2005) Flowers of Crete; Kew


If you found this information helpful, we are sure you would also like books on the Wild Orchids of Wales, of The Burren, and of the Algarve. Author-signed copies are available here...