Arrhenia rickenii (Hora) Watling

Phylum: Basidiomycota - Class: Agaricomycetes - Order: Agaricales - Family: Tricholomataceae

Arrhenia rickenii

An attractive umbilicate mushroom, Arrhenia rickenii is most often seen growing in small groups in mossy places.

Arrhenia rickenii, southern England

Distribution

In Britain and Ireland this is a rarely recorded species, probably due at least in part to its small size and the tendency to be obscured by mosses. This little mushroom occurs in many parts of mainland Europe from Scandinavia down to the Mediterranean region.

Taxonomic history

When British mycologist Frederick Bayard Hora (1908 - 1984) described this mushroom scientifically in 1960, he established its basionym, giving it the name Omphalina rickenii. In a 1989 publication, Roy Watling of the Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh, transferred this species to the genus Arrhenia, thus establishing its currently accepted scientific name.

Synonyms of Arrhenia rickenii include Cantharellus cupulatus Fr., Leptoglossum rickenii (Hora) Singer
Leptotus rickenii Singer, Omphalia helvelloides Hora, Omphalina cupulata (Fr.) P. D. Orton, Omphalina rickenii Hora, and Phaeotellus rickenii (Hora) Bon.

Etymology

Unusually, both parts of this binomial refer to distinguished mycologists. The genus name Arrhenia honours Swedish botanist Johan Petter Arrhenius (1811 - 1899), while the specific epithet rickenii is in honur of German Roman Catholic priest and mycologist Adalbert Ricken (1851 - 1921).

Identification guide

Cap of Arrhenia rickenii

Cap

0.5 - 2.5cm in diameter when fully mature, the cream-ochre caps are initially convex-umbilicate and later become more deeply funnelled with wavy incurved margins; lined almost to the centre; whitish at the edge and darker towards the middle; surface matt or very finely velvety.

Gills of Arrhenia rickenii

Gills

Very widely spaced and usually branching near the cap margin, often with net-like cross veins, the decurrent gills are slightly paler than the cap surface.

Stem

1-2mm in diameter and 0.7 to 3cm long, usually narrowing to a blunt tip at the base, the centrally-situated stem is smooth and concolorous with the cap.

Spore of Arrhenia rickenii

Spores

Ellipsoidal to dacryoid (tear-drop shaped), smooth, 6-9 x 3.5-5μm, inamyloid.

Show larger image

Spore print

White.

Odour/taste

Usually with a faint odour or pelargoniums; no significant taste.

Habitat & Ecological role

Saprophytic, nearly always on mosses on alkaline soil - for example in dune slacks or on unimproved grassland overlying calcareous rocks and sometimes on the moss-covered remains of old lime-rich walls.

Season

September to November in Britain and Ireland.

Similar species

Several similar Arrhenia species grow on moss, lichens or liverworts and microscopic examination is often necessary to separate some of them.

Culinary Notes

These are insubstantial little mushrooms and of no culinary interest.

Reference Sources

Fascinated by Fungi, Pat O'Reilly 2016.

Kibby, G (2013) The Genus Tricholoma in Britain, published by Geoffrey Kibby

BMS List of English Names for Fungi

Dictionary of the Fungi; Paul M. Kirk, Paul F. Cannon, David W. Minter and J. A. Stalpers; CABI, 2008

Taxonomic history and synonym information on these pages is drawn from many sources but in particular from the British Mycological Society's GB Checklist of Fungi and (for basidiomycetes) on Kew's Checklist of the British & Irish Basidiomycota.

Acknowledgements

This page includes pictures kindlycontributed by Simon Harding.

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