Entoloma papillatum (Bres.) Dennis - Papillate Pinkgill

Phylum: Basidiomycota - Class: Agaricomycetes - Order: Agaricales - Family: Entolomataceae

Entoloma papillatum - Papillate Pinkgill , France

Despite its scientific and common names, Entoloma papillatum is by no means the only 'papillate' (with a nipple-like raised projection in the centre of its cap) pinkgill. For this reason it is not a species that many people will ever be able to identify with confidence in the field.

The specimens shown in the shown on this page have been independently verified by microscopic examination of spores and of samples of gill and cap tissue.

Entoloma papillatum - Papillate Pinkgill , England

Distribution

The Papillate Pinkgill is an uncommon to rare find in Britain and Ireland; it occurs throughout mainland Europe, where it is also quite rare.

Taxonomic history

This uncommon mushroom was described scientifically in 1887 by the Italian mycologist Giacopo Bresadola (1847 - 1929), who gave it the name Nolanea papillata.

It was the British mycologist Richard William George Dennis (1910 - 2003) who, in 1953, transferred this species to its current genus, at which point its binomial scientific name became Entoloma papillatum.

Synonyms of Entoloma papillatum include Nolonea papillata Bres., Nolanea mammosa ssp. papillata (Bres.) Konrad & Maubl., and Rhodophyllus papillatus (Bres.) J. E. Lange.

Etymology

The generic name Entoloma comes from ancient Greek words entos, meaning inner, and lóma, meaning a fringe or a hem. It is a reference to the inrolled margins of many of the mushrooms in this genus.

The specific epithet papillatum means papillate - having a small nipple-like projection. (In mammals, the nipples of the mammary glands are known as papillae.)

Identification guide

Cap of Entoloma papillatum

Cap

0.5 to 4cm across; initially conical, becoming broadly convex with a small nipple-like umbo; not hygrophanous; reddish brown with a darker brown centre, gradually becoming violaceous brown with age; surface smooth and translucently striate.

Entoloma papillatum, gills and stem

Gills

Moderately spaced, emarginate and almost free; greyish brown at first, maturing brownish pink.

Stem

2 to 7cm long and 1 to 3mm diameter, smooth, cylindrical; reddish brown; no stem ring.

 

Spores

Mostly five- to seven-angled (pentagonal to hexagonal) in side view; 9-13 x 6.5-8.5μm.

Spore print

Brownish pink.

Odour/taste

Slightly mealy (farinaceous) but not distinctive.

Habitat & Ecological role

Saprobic in unimproved grassland, mainly but not solely on calcareous soil.

Season

Fruiting from summer to late autumn in Britain and Ireland.

Similar species

 

Culinary Notes

Entoloma papillatum is too rare to be collected for anything but essential research. (It is also thin-fleshed and insubstantial.)

Reference Sources

Fascinated by Fungi, Pat O'Reilly 2016.

Studies in the genus Entoloma (Basidiomycota, Agaricales) from the Kiklades (C. Aegean, Greece), Machiel Noordeloos & Elias Polemis; Mycotaxon, Volume 105, pp. 301–312 July–September 2008.

Knudsen H., Vesterholt J. (eds) Funga Nordica: agaricoid, boletoid and cyphelloid genera - Nordsvamp, 2008

Dictionary of the Fungi; Paul M. Kirk, Paul F. Cannon, David W. Minter and J. A. Stalpers; CABI, 2008

Taxonomic history and synonym information on these pages is drawn from many sources but in particular from the British Mycological Society's GB Checklist of Fungi and (for basidiomycetes) on Kew's Checklist of the British & Irish Basidiomycota.

Acknowledgements

Two of the pictures on this page are shown with the kind permission of David Kelly.

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