Suillus cavipes  (Opat.) A.H. Sm. & Thiers - Hollow Bolete

Phylum: Basidiomycota - Class: Agaricomycetes - Order: Boletales - Family: Suillaceae

Suillus cavipes, Hollow Bolete

Suillus cavipes, commonly known as the Hollow Bolete, is a summer and autumn fungus. The very scaly and non-slimy cap surface and the hollow (at least in the lower part) stem distinguish it from other members of the genus Suillus.

Distribution

Unfortunately, this large, conspicuous and very beautiful bolete is not often seen in Britain and Ireland, but it is much more plentiful under larch trees in parts of central Europe.

Suillus cavipes, Hollow Bolete, underside view

Taxonomic history

This spectacular bolete was described in 1836 by the German mycologist Wilhelm Opatowski (1810 - 1838), who gave it the binomial scientific name Boletus cavipes.

It was not until 1964 that this unusual bolete was transferred to the genus Suillus by American mycologists Alexander Hanchett Smith (1904 - 1986) and Harry Delbert Thiers (1919 - 2000), whereupon this species acquired its currently-accepted (by most but not all authorities) scientific name Suillus cavipes.

There are several synonyms of Suillus cavipes (Opat.) A.H. Sm. & Thiers including Boletus cavipes Opat., Paxillus porosus Berk., Boletinus cavipes (Opat.) Kalchbr., Boletinus cavipes var. aureus Rolland, and Boletinus cavipes f. aureus (Rolland) Singer.

Etymology

The specific epithet cavipes means'with a hollow stem', while the generic name Suillus comes from the Latin noun sus, meaning pig. Suillus therefore means 'of pigs' (swine) and is a reference to the greasy nature of the caps of all fungi in this genus.

Identification Guide

Cap of Suillus cavipes

Cap

5 to 8cm across when fully expanded, the caps are convex and covered in fibrillose scales, pale to dark rusty brown; not anything like as slimy as most other members of the genus Suillus.

Pores, veil and stem of Suillus cavipes

Tubes and pores

The short yellow tubes are decurrent to the stem, and they terminate in yellow angular compound pores that do not change colour significantly when bruised.

Stem

Pale at the apex, then concolorous with the caps below a fibrillose ring. At least the lower part of the stem and often the whole of the stem contains cavities. (A cavity is just visible through the animal bite mark on the stem base shown here.)

 

Spores

Ellipsoidal to sub-fusiform, smooth, 7-10.5 x 3.5-4.5μm.

Spore print

Clay brown.

Odour/taste

Not distinctive.

Habitat & Ecological role

Mycorrhizal; beneath larch trees.

Season

August to October in Britain and Ireland.

Similar species

Suillus grevillei has a bright yellow-orange cap and angular pores; it also occurs under larch.

Culinary Notes

Although not generally rated highly, the Hollow Bolete is reported to be edible when thoroughly cooked. In Britain this is a rare species and should not, therefore, be gathered for eating.

Reference Sources

Fascinated by Fungi, Pat O'Reilly 2016.

British Boletes, with keys to species, Geoffrey Kibby (self published) 3rd Edition 2012

Roy Watling & Hills, A.E. 2005. Boletes and their allies (revised and enlarged edition), – in: Henderson, D.M., Orton, P.D. & Watling, R. [eds]. British Fungus Flora. Agarics and boleti. Vol. 1. Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.

BMS List of English Names for Fungi

Dictionary of the Fungi; Paul M. Kirk, Paul F. Cannon, David W. Minter and J. A. Stalpers; CABI, 2008

Taxonomic history and synonym information on these pages is drawn from many sources but in particular from the British Mycological Society's GB Checklist of Fungi and (for basidiomycetes) on Kew's Checklist of the British & Irish Basidiomycota.

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