About First Nature

With more than 2000 pages of information, run as a not-for-profit free resource by Pat O'Reilly and Sue Parker, First Nature has been providing online information about the natural world, its wildlife, wildflowers, fungi and habitats since 1995.

Author royalties from books by Pat and Sue are donated to wildlife charities including Plantlife, the Wild Trout Trust, and botanic gardens in the UK and in Portugal.

Updating and improving First Nature takes up a lot of our time, but we enjoy doing it and know that it is greatly valued by millions of people, including many children and young people throughout the world. Unfortunately, the cost of hosting this facility online is now more than we can cover without help from others. Please make a small donation to help ensure that First Nature remains available to its 2 to 3 million annual visitors without the distracting intrusion of pop-up advertisements.

Thank you for your support.

About us - Contact us - Submit pictures

About Sue and Pat

Sue Parker

Naturalist Sue Parker’s fascination with orchids stems from her childhood in the Far East. The colourful wildflowers growing over her garden fence in Singapore were the kind of exotic orchids that many people in Europe now have in pots on windowsills. The search for wild orchids has taken Sue to many countries; but, as she says, there is a special satisfaction in finding and identifying beautiful orchids close to home – and for the past 16 years Sue’s home in Carvoiero has been a base for studying the Algarve’s wonderful wildflowers and, in particular, its wild orchids. (Sue also has a home in Wales, which serves as her main ‘writing’ base.)

An active conservationist, Sue is the author of 12 books and several dozen articles on wildlife and countryside topics; she is well known in the Algarve for her column on Sustainable Living, which is published monthly in the Algarve Resident newspaper. Sue’s latest book, Wild Orchids of the Algarve - how, when and where to find them, provides a wealth of additional information on orchid ecology, taxonomy, top orchid sites and walks in the Algarve; its the essential handbook for Algarve residents and visitors alike. Sue has also produced and maintains the Algarve section of this website, whose pages have been visited up to 200,000 times a year.

Pat O'Reilly

Pat O’Reilly’s fascination with fungi, wildflowers and wildlife stretches back more than 40 years and has taken him to many countries; but, as he says, there is a special satisfaction in finding and identifying things close to home.

Writing and broadcasting on wildlife and countryside topics for more than 30 years, Pat is the author of more than 20 books and hundreds of articles. An active conservationist, Pat has chaired and served on several UK government advisory committees and special commissions. Until April 2013 he was a board member of the Countryside Council for Wales - now Natural Resources Wales - where his special interest was in fungi conservation (he is a Member of the British Mycological Society) and the management of National Nature Reserves in Wales.

For his environmental work Pat O’Reilly was awarded an MBE in 2003.

How to Contact Us

The quickest way to contact us is by email. Whenever we are away we have email access and can normally respond to emails within 12 hours (and often by return). For guidance and email address details see below.

Do you need help to identify species?

If you wish to email pictures of wildflower or fungi species with a request for help in identifying them, please attach no more than two pictures (or one picture if larger than 5MB in size) with any one email; this ensures that email gateways on the Internet do not prevent your attachment getting through.

To submit your own pictures for inclusion on First Nature

We are always delighted to receive potential contributions to the First Nature website. In particular, pictures are very much appreciated and we do always reply. Often we are able to show the pictures on either new or existing pages.

When someone enquires via First Nature about using a picture that belongs to one of our contributors, we transfer the enquiry to the owner of the picture, and any royalty fee is payable directly to the copyright owner (not via First Nature). Please note that we do not have a budget to pay for the use of pictures, and we cannot guarantee that display of your pictures on the First Nature website will necessarily result in other people offering to pay a royalty fee to use your pictures elsewhere; however, several million people will have an opportunity to enjoy your pictures, and we think that is something to be proud of.

When submitting pictures for consideration please email them as attachments, in JPG format if at all possible. (Depending where they are sent from, files larger than 10MB may be blocked by some email gateways.) For large pictures, therefore, it may be safest to send each picture via a separate email.

When emailing pictures

  1. If the specimen is out of focus, immature and not fully formed, or old and decaying, it is very unlikely that we will be able to identify it to species level with any confidence.
  2. Be aware that mushrooms or other fungi photographed only from the top with no chance of seeing the gills, pores, spines, stem or stem ring etc are usually not identifiable with any certainty. (If you make a spore print, do let us know what colour the spores are, because often this is an invaluable step towards a precise identification.)
  3. With plants, it is very helpful (and sometimes essential) to see the leaves as well as the flowers.
  4. Note that we cannot offer to try to identify large numbers of species, so please send only those you are having difficulty with or have doubts about - or of course something special that you would like to share with others via First Nature.
  5. Please let us know where you took the picture - country, approximate location, habitat if known (conifer forest, broadleaf woodland, limestone grassland, acid moorland; on the trunk of a beech tree, etc).
  6. State whether you are willing for us to show your picture on a First Nature web page should we so wish (and the name of the person to be credited as photographer)

To email your Wildflower pictures, Fungi pictures or other Wildlife pictures to First Nature please use the following addresses:

wildflowers @ first-nature.com

fungi @ first-nature.com

enquiries @ first-nature.com

(Important: don't use copy, instead please type the address without the spaces around the @ symbol; sorry about the inconvenience, but otherwise we get swamped by robot-generated spam emails.)

Not all fungi and wildflowers can be identified to species level from pictures alone, but we will do our very best to help.


We are based Wales, UK, and so please undertand that, while we always try to be helpful, we are much less likely to be able to identify species seen in countries far away from the UK/Northern Europe.

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