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Wildflower Families identification guide

Botanists have organised the plant world into 'families'. Some of the most commonly-encountered wildflower families are listed here, with links to pages of species pictures and more information.

Amaryllis
family
Narcissus pseudonarcissus
Amaryllidaceae
Carrot
family
Daucus carota
Apiaceae
Arum
family
Arum maculatum
Araceae
Asparagus
family
Scilla verna
Asparagaceae
Daisy
family
Bellis perennis
Asteraceae
Cabbage
family
Cakile maritima
Brassicaceae
Borage
family
Borago officinalis
Boraginaceae
Bellflower
family
Harebell Campanula rotundifolia
Campanulaceae
Pinks
family
Silene latifolia
Caryophyllaceae
Rock-rose
family
Tuberaria guttata
Cistaceae
Bindweed
family
Convolvulus arvensis
Convolvulaceae
Stonecrop
family
Sedum acre
Crassulaceae
Heath
family
Erica tetralix - Cross-leaved Heath
Ericaceae
Spurge
family
Euphorbia portlandica
Euphorbiaceae
Pea
family
Lotus corniculatus
Fabaceae
Gentian
family
Gentiana verna
Gentianaceae
Geranium
family
Geranium sanguineum
Geraniaceae
St John's-wort
family
Perforate St John's-wort
Hypericaceae
Mint
family
Mentha aquatica
Lamiaceae
Lily
family
Lilium martagon
Liliaceae
Willowherb
family
Epilobium angustifolium
Onagraceae
Orchid
family
Ophrys apifera
Orchidaceae
Broomrape
family
Orobanchaceae elatior
Orobanchaceae
Poppy
family
Papaver rhoeas
Papaveraceae
Plantain
family
Digitalis purpurea
Plantaginaceae
Leadwort
family
Armeria maritima
Plumbaginaceae
Knotweed
family
Persicaria amphibia
Polygonaceae
Primrose
family
Primula vulgaris
Primulaceae
Buttercup
family
Ranunculus fluitans
Ranunculaceae
Rose
family
Rosa canina
Rosaceae
Saxifrage
family
Saxifraga stellaris
Saxifragaceae
Figwort
family
Scrophularia auriculata
Scrophulariaceae
Nightshade
family
Solanum dulcamara
Solanaceae
Pansy
family
Viola bifolia
Violaceae
Asphodel
family
Asphodeline lutea
Xanthorrhoeaceae

See also our extensive section dedicated to the orchid family and, in particular, Wild Orchids of Britain and Europe...

Also on this website there is also a detailed discussion of the Nature and Biology of Orchids...

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