home

Cerrena unicolor (Bull.) Murrill

Phylum: Basidiomycota - Class: Agaricomycetes - Order: Polyporales - Family: Polyporaceae

Cerrena unicolor, Norway

Cerrena unicolor is referred to by some people as the Mossy Maze Polypore (although it is not yet included in the British Mycological Society's list of English Names for Fungi).

Cerrena unicolor on a dead softwood tree

Distribution

Cerrena unicolor is fairly common and widespread in Britain and Ireland. This wood-rotting fungus occurs also throughout mainland Europe and is recorded in many parts of Asia and North America.

Cerrena unicolor, southern England

Taxonomic history

Cerrena unicolor was described scientifically in 1785 by French mycologist Jean Baptiste Francois Pierre Bulliard, who created its basionym when he gave it the scientific binomial name Boletus unicolor. It was American mycologist William Alphonso Murrill (1869 - 1957) who in 1903 transferred this species to the genus Cerrena and established its widely-accepted scientific name as Cerrena unicolor.

The many synonyms of Cerrena unicolor include Boletus unicolor Bull., Agaricus cinereus (Pers.) E. H. L. Krause, Antrodia incana (P. Karst.) P. Karst., Polyporus latissimus Fr., Sistotrema cinereum Pers., Cerrena cinerea (Pers.) Gray,Coriolus unicolor (Bull.) Pat., and Trametes unicolor (Bull.) Pilát.

Etymology

The specific epithet unicolor comes from Latin and means 'of one colour'.

Identification guide

Fertile surface of Cerrena unicolor

Cap

When in bracket form the upper surface is smooth and velvety, semicircular or kinney-shaped, 3-10cm across, often stained green by algae. when on the underside of timber, often resupinate so that only the fertile surface is visible. Maze-like or slotted pores eventually become tooth like and up to 4mm deep; they are initially whitish or pale brown, eventually darkening away from the pale outer edge.

 

Spores

Elongated-ellipsoidal or cylindrical, smooth, 5-7 x 2.5-4µm; inamyloid.

Spore print

White.

Odour/taste

Not distinctive.

Habitat & Ecological role

Annual; saprobic on dead hardwoods, causing white rot.

Season

New fruitbodies produce spores from late spring to autumn, but these tough polypores tend to persist throughout the year.

Similar species

When in bracket form, Trametes versicolor is similar if viewed from above, but its fertile surface has tiny roundish pores and narrower spores.

Culinary Notes

The whitish flesh of this polypore fungus is much too tough to be of any culinary interest.

Cerrena unicolor, fertile surface, southern Britain

Reference Sources

Mattheck, C., and Weber, K. (2003). Manual of Wood Decays in Trees. Arboricultural Association

Pat O'Reilly (2016). Fascinated by Fungi, First Nature Publishing

BMS List of English Names for Fungi

Paul M. Kirk, Paul F. Cannon, David W. Minter and J. A. Stalpers. (2008). Dictionary of the Fungi; CABI.

Taxonomic history and synonym information on these pages is drawn from many sources but in particular from the British Mycological Society's GB Checklist of Fungi and (for basidiomycetes) on Kew's Checklist of the British & Irish Basidiomycota.

Acknowledgements

This page includes pictures kindly contributed by Arnor Gullanger.

Top of page...


If you have found this information helpful, please consider helping to keep First Nature online by making a small donation towards the web hosting and internet costs.

Any donations over and above the essential running costs will help support the conservation work of Plantlife, the Rvers Trust and charitable botanic gardens - as do author royalties and publisher proceeds from Pat and Sue's nature books - available from First Nature...

© 1995 - 2021 First Nature: a not-for-profit volunteer-run resource

Please help to keep this free resource online...

Terms of use - Privacy policy - Disable cookies - Links policy