Cortinarius decipiens (Pers.) Fr. - Sepia Webcap

Phylum: Basidiomycota - Class: Agaricomycetes - Order: Agaricales - Family: Cortinariaceae

Cortinarius decipiens, Sepia Webcap

In the generally difficult Cortinarius group of fungi Cortinarius decipiens is not one of the easiest of species to identify from macroscopic characters alone; spore size and ornamentation need to be studied, and you really must find several specimens at different stages in their development. For example a lilaceous flush on the upper stem region is usually visible only while fruitbodies are young. Cap colour are is also quite variable and can change considerably as the fruitbody matures.

Cortinarius decipiens, Sepia Webcap, Cambridgeshire

Two varieties of this species, var. decipiens and var. atrocoeruleus, are recognized by some authorities. The description below is of the type variety Cortinarius decipiens var. decipiens. A very rare (in Britain and Ireland, at least) variety is also found in dry deciduous woodland and has been given the scientific name Cortinarius decipiens var. atrocoeruleus; its spores are slightly smaller and its cap is much darker and is not (or is only very slightly) umbonate.

A similar webcap, also recorded at Cortinarius decipiens, is found in North America under conifers; it may be a different species, however, since the European form occurs with deciduous broadleaf trees.

Distribution

Cortinarius decipiens var. decipiens is uncommon but not rare in Britain and Ireland and is recorded from many parts of mainland Europe.

Taxonomic history

In his Synopsis Methodicae Fungorum of 1801, Christiaan Hendrik Persoon described this webcap mushroom and gave it the name Agaricus decipiens. (In the early years of fungal taxonomy most of the gilled mushrooms were included initially in the genus Agaricus!)

It was the great Swedish mycologist Elias Magnus Fries who, in 1838, transferred the Sepia Webcap to the genus Cortinarius, thereby creating its currently accepted scientific name Cortinarius decipiens .

Synonyms of Cortinarius decipiens include Agaricus decipiens Pers.

The vast genus Cortinarius is subdivided by many authorities into subgenera, and the Sepia Webcap belongs to the subgenus Telamonia.

Etymology

The generic name Cortinarius is a reference to the partial veil or cortina (meaning a curtain) that covers the gills when caps are immature. In the genus Cortinarius most species produce partial veils in the form of a fine web of radial fibres connecting the stem to the rim of the cap.

Just as it sounds, the specific epithet decipiens refers to the deceptively inconsistent appearance of this little webcap mushroom, which has been shown to be both genetically and morphologically very variable.

Toxicity

This mushroom is recorded in many field guides as 'suspect'. Because several of the webcaps are known to be deadly poisonous (and some research even suggests that all Cortinarius species may contain at least small amounts of the toxins concerned), the Sepia Webcap should in our opinion never be gathered for eating.

Identification guide

Mature cap of Cortinarius decipiens, Sepia Webcap

Cap

Young caps of Cortinarius decipiens are sharply conical, becoming broadly convex with a distinct umbo and reaching 2 to 4.5cm in diameter. The cap surface is various shades of vinaceous buff with a pale marginal region and much darker towards the centre; shiny, covered in fine radial fibrils.

Gills of Cortinarius decipiens, Sepia Webcap

Gills

Adnate, moderately crowded; at first greyish ochraceous with a tawny tint, maturing reddish cinnamon.

Stem

The fibrous pale yellowish grey stem is covered in longitudinal white fibrils; in young fruitbodies there is a slight violaceous flush towards the stem apex; an indistinct white ring zone is left by the cortina (the partial veil), often with other white cottony velar remains adhering to the stem below the ring zone; 2-5mm in diameter and 3-7cm long.

 

Spores

Broadly ellipsoidal ovoid; minutely to moderately verrucose (with a roughened surface), 8,5-10 x 5-6.5µm; inamyloid.

Spore print

Rust-brown.

Odour/taste

Odour faint, of radish. Taste reported to be insignificant. (It is unwise to taste any Cortinarius species, as several of them are deadly poisonous.)

Habitat & Ecological role

Mycorrhizal, in damp mossy broadleaf woodland, often with birches and willows.

Season

July to November in Britain and Ireland.

Similar Species

Cortinarius hemitrichus, the Frosty Webcap, is similar in appearance.

Reference Sources

Fascinated by Fungi, Pat O'Reilly 2016.

Funga Nordica, Henning Knudsen and Jan Vesterholt, 2008.

British Mycological Society, English Names for Fungi

Dictionary of the Fungi; Paul M. Kirk, Paul F. Cannon, David W. Minter and J. A. Stalpers; CABI, 2008

Taxonomic history and synonym information on these pages is drawn from many sources but in particular from the British Mycological Society's GB Checklist of Fungi and (for basidiomycetes) on Kew's Checklist of the British & Irish Basidiomycota.

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