Cakile maritima - Sea Rocket

Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Equisetopsida - Order: Brassicales - Family: Brassicaceae

Cakile maritima, Sea Rocket

Gravelly sea shores are the natural habitat of many members of the family Brassicaceae including Sea Rocket. Changing the family name of this family of plants from Cruciferae to Brassicaceae (Cabbage plants) has done nothing for a group that already had quite a bad press. (Oilseed Rape, which causes allergic reactions in even normally healthy individuals, is an example.) It is therefore important to remember that some of our most loved garden plants and wildflowers are also 'cabbages' - Aubrieta deltoidea, for instance.

Closeup of Sea Rocket flowers


This coastal member of the mustard family is a pioneer species, colonising bare sand and shingle close to the splash zone where few other plants are able to survive. To cope with the shifting sand, Sea Rocket puts down a long taproot that branches and helps stabilise the sand.

Thick fleshy leaves to help this succulent plant to retain moisture, while its low growing form helps it cope with the impact of sand blown by strong coastal winds.

The four-petalled flowers, 10 to 15mm across, are mauve, pinkish or occasionally almost pure white.

Seed pods of Cakile maritima, Sea Rocket

Seed pods of Cakile maritima each comprise two compartments. The larger tip section, generally containing either one or two seeds, easily snaps off and falls onto the sand, thus ensuring that Sea Rocket plants grow there in future years. The basal compartment, usually containing a seed and sometimes two seeds, is buoyant and if waves smash a into plant this part of the seed pod can floatsaway on the surface of the sea and create a new colony where it drifts ashore.

Similar Species

Related species such as black mustard, rape and wild turnip are all very similar in form, having four flower petals and leaves with a bluish tinge; they too are commonly found near the coast but unl;ike Sea Rocket their flowers are yellow.

Sea Rocket, Teifi Estuary, Wales

Sue Parker's new ebook is a comprehensive and fully revised edition of her acclaimed field guide to the Wild Orchids of Wales. Full details here...

Buy it for just £5.95 on Amazon...

Sue Parker's 5-star acclaimed field guide to the Wild Orchids of the Algarve is now available as an ebook. Full details here...

Buy it for just £5.95 on Amazon...

Please Help Us: If you have found this information interesting and useful, please consider helping to keep First Nature online by making a small donation towards the web hosting and internet costs.

Any donations over and above the essential running costs will help support the conservation work of Plantlife, the Rivers Trust and charitable botanic gardens - as do author royalties and publisher proceeds from books by Pat and Sue.

© 1995 - 2024 First Nature: a not-for-profit volunteer-run resource

Please help to keep this free resource online...

Terms of use - Privacy policy - Disable cookies - Links policy