Russula farinipes Romell

Phylum: Basidiomycota - Class: Agaricomycetes - Order: Russulales - Family: Russulaceae

Russula farinipes

A less common find than other yellowish brittlegills, and most often on calcareous soil in broadleaf woodland, this beautiful mushroom is quite distinctive. Oaks, Beech and birches are common mycorrhizal partners of this mushroom.

Distribution

This brittlegill is fairly common in broadleaf and mixed woodlands in Britain and Ireland; it is also found throughout mainland Europe, from northern Scandinavia right down to the Mediterranean.

Russula farinipes

Taxonomic history

The currently-accepted scientific name of the attractive brittlegill dates from an 1893 publication by the Swedish mycologist Lars Romell (1854 - 1927).

Etymology

Russula, the generic name, means red or reddish, and indeed many of the brittlegills do have red or somewhat reddish caps (but many more of the brittlegill mushrooms are not red, and several of those that are usually red can also occur in a range of other colours!).

The specific epithet farinipes refers to the surface of the stem, the upper section of which has a farinaceous textures, meaning that it is covered in a flour-like powder.

Identification guide

Cap of Russula farinipes

Cap

Rufous yellow, becoming russet brown with age; margin sulcate (furrowed); convex, sometimes developing a central depression; grainy, esp. at margin; cuticle peels very little; 3 to 6cm across. The cap and stem flesh is distinctive, being much tougher and more elastic than is the norm for a brittlegill mushroom.

Gills and stem of Russula farinipes

Gills

Pale straw yellow; quite distant; arching upwards; slightly decurrent.

Stem

White or very pale straw yellow; powdery towards apex; with cavities; 3 to 7cm long, 1 to 1.8cm diameter.

 

Spores

Ellipsoidal, 6-8 x 5-6.5µm, ornamented with small isolated warts up to 0.6µm tall.

Spore print

White.

Odour/taste

Odour: slightly fruity. Taste: very acrid.

Habitat & Ecological role

Oaks, Beech and birches are common mycorrhizal partners of this mushroom.

Season

August to November in Britain and Ireland.

Similar species

Russula claroflava has a bright yellow cap and white gills; it is found on wet ground under birch trees. It has a strong fruity odour, has yellowish gills and provides a yellow-ochre spore print.

Russula ochroleuca has ochre-yellow caps with white gills.

Culinary Notes

Russula farinipes is a very hot-tasting mushroom, and so it is generally regarded as inedible.

Reference Sources

Pat O'Reilly (2016). Fascinated by Fungi, First Nature Publishing

Geoffrey Kibby (2011).The Genus Russula in Great Britain, published by G Kibby.

Roberto Galli (1996). Le Russule. Edinatura, Milan.

Dictionary of the Fungi; Paul M. Kirk, Paul F. Cannon, David W. Minter and J. A. Stalpers; CABI, 2008

Taxonomic history and synonym information on these pages is drawn from many sources but in particular from the British Mycological Society's GB Checklist of Fungi and (for basidiomycetes) on Kew's Checklist of the British & Irish Basidiomycota.

Other web pages about this species

Roger Phillips (UK)

Russulales News (Italy)

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