Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Liliopsida - Order: Orchidales - Family: Orchidaceae
Many authorities including The Plant List do not recognise this orchid at subspecies level.
The Fragrant Bug Orchid is very similar to Anacamptis coriophora and is regarded by some as an eastern-flowering subspecies of the Anacamptis coriophora that also occurs further west in the Mediterranean region. The two are certainly very similar in appearance.
Anacamptis coriophora subsp. fragrans grows in alkaline soils in open sunny positions, although it is occasionally found in open woodland. The true extent of its distribution is unknown due to confusion with Anacamptis coriophora but it has been reported from south and east Europe. It is said to grow in large colonies.
This attractive orchid blooms in March and April.
The genus name Anacamptis comes from the Greek anakampto, meaning 'bent back'; it refers to the shape of the flower spur. The specific epithet coriophora also comes from Classical Greek and means 'carrying bugs' - a reference to the rather unpleasant odour of this otherwise very attractive orchid.; however, the subspecies name fragrans suggests that this particular subgroup of bug orchids has a more pleasant smell.
The Plant List
Sue Parker (2014) Wild Orchids of the Algarve; First Nature
Chris Thorogood and Simon Hiscock (2014) Field Guide to the Wildflowers of the Algarve; Kew Publishing
Pierre Delforge (2005) Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East; A&C Black
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