Also known as Moth Orchids, these tropical, epiphytic orchids are distributed in the wild throughout South East Asia. They can be found in Malaysia, Borneo, Philipines, Burma and even India, where they grow in the trees of the lowland forests and relish the warm, moist conditions that occur there throughout the year.
Because the climate and temperature remains so stable in their home environment, Phalaenopsis orchids are able to grow continuously and, if provided with similar conditions in the home, will flower almost continuously too. Keep these orchids in a warm room in indirect light. Water thoroughly about once a week and spray the plant from time to time with a fine water mist.
Other kinds of Orchids as House Plants...
By far the best way to water orchids is to place them in a sink or other container of lukewarm water which comes up to the top of their pots. Because they are not growing in densely packed soil or compost, the water will easily rise up from the bottom of the pots and saturate the roots. The plants should be left for several hours, or overnight, and the watering should be repeated on a weekly basis (although most plants will easily survive a 10 interval if you are away). At the same time as watering, spray the leaves with a fine water mist.
Feeding should be kept to a minimum and stepped up only once new growth or flower shoots appear. Never overdo it – food is not high on the agenda of survival for plants that live perched up in trees with their roots exposed!
Yes, we have many native wild orchids throughout Europe and around 30 species in the UK. Most of them are rare, endangered or in serious decline due to the destruction of their natural habitats. They will not survive being dug up and moved either to gardens and greenhouses or to window ledges. It is also an offence under the Wildlife and Countryside Act to dig up any wild plants without the landowner’s consent.
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There are many local and national nature reserves where wild orchids can be seen at the right time of year, and the network of local Wildlife Trusts can advise you on the best time to visit and also arrange for you to take part in some of the many tours that they organise during peak flowering times.