Phylum: Magnoliophyta - Class: Liliopsida - Order: Orchidales - Family: Orchidaceae
Also known to some as the Jersey Orchid or as the Loose-flowered Orchid, this is another species that has moved genus from Orchis to Anacamptis as a result of the use of molecular studies to determine plant relationships. Until recently it was generally referred to as Orchis laxiflora.
This slender but tall orchid grows up to 60cm tall. There are 3 to 8 narrow, pointed leaves arranged along the stem which is flushed deep purple. The inflorescence is lax and carries between 9 to 22 large dark-pink flowers whose erect lateral sepals are bent backwards and are often so close that they touch each other. A hood is formed by the dorsal sepal and the two upper petals. The flower lip is sharply folded length-wise and has a pale (almost white) centre that is usually unmarked or occasionally lightly marked with pink.
The range of this species extends from the Algarve region of Portugal (where it is very rare) as far north as Sweden and east to some westerly parts of Asia. It is not recorded in mainland Britain but is found in the Channel Islands, where it is referred to as the Jersey Orchid.
This orchid prefers damp alkaline habitats and can be found in fens, marshy meadows and beside streams.
In the far south this orchid flowers in April and May, but further north it can be found in full bloom to the end of June
The specimens shown on this page were photographed in the Aveyron region and in the Lot Valley, France, in late May.
One hybrid is reported from Guernsey and Jersey
The genus name Anacamptis comes from the Greek anakampto, meaning 'bent back'; it refers to the shape of the flower spur. The specific epithet laxiflora refers to the open, loose-flowering form of the flowers of this orchid.
The Plant List
Sue Parker (2014) Wild Orchids of the Algarve - where, when and how to find them; First Nature
Chris Thorogood and Simon Hiscock (2014) Field Guide to the Wildflowers of the Algarve; Kew Publishing
Anne and Simon Harrap (2005) Orchids of Britain and Ireland; A&C Black
Pierre Delforge (2005) Orchids of Europe, North Africa and the Middle East; A&C Black
Den Nordiska Floran (1992) Bo Mossberg, Stefan Ericsson and Lennart Stenberg; Wahlstrom & Widstrand
Fielding, Turland and Mathew (2005) Flowers of Crete; Kew
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